This week Robbie Mayon, one of the Southampton Marine and Maritime Institutes’ PhD researchers, spoke with our group about the impacts (literally and metaphorically) waves can have on our coastlines.
We are looking at roughly 1-meter rise in sea level over next 80 years as a best case scenario–worst case being a 2-meter rise, which would lead to over 1 million homes lost in the UK. We therefore must develop and deploy better coastal defence structures and materials if we hope to combat this.
There are four main types of waves: spilling, plunging, collapsing, and surging.
For Robbie, plunging waves are key to his work. When a wave impacts, there’s a large pressure spike, followed by some oscillation afterwards. It is this pressure spike and the oscillations that come after that Robbie is currently modelling to determine what can be done to dampen the effects of these types of waves. He uses OpenFOAM CFD Package to model his waves, using a Dambreak flow simulation.
The main area of concern that he has encountered is air bubbles in the water, as the fluctuations of these bubbles can cause further impacts on the coast (or area that was impacted). His research is focusing in on a way to eliminate these air bubbles, and thus lessening the damage from waves.
Robbie graduated with a BEng degree in Civil and Structural engineering from the University of Aberdeen in 2006, with his dissertation focussing on Finite Element Methods for the design of structural steel connections. Following on from this he worked as a Structural Design Engineer with a consultancy firm based in the British West Indies. In 2014 he obtained an MSc degree in Engineering Simulation and Modelling (First class honours) from Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland, with his dissertation focusing on investigating the phenomenology of soil liquefaction and subsequent slope failure using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method.